Wednesday, 30 September 2009

Ayoub mzee with the Tanzania President Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete





Tuesday, September 29, 2009


WHEN: 9:00 a.m.


WHAT: The State Department’s Fourth Annual Edward R. Murrow Program for nearly 150 Murrow journalists from over 100 countries:- 9 a.m.: Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs P.J. Crowley delivers remarks, followed by a question and answer session.- Following the above: The Aspen Institute conducts a symposium on "Current Issues in Journalism.WHERE: The State Department, 2201 C Street NW, Loy Henderson Conference Room, Washington, DC.CONTACT: Darlene Kirk, 202-632-6452, http://uk.mc274.mail.yahoo.com/mc/compose?to=KirkDK@state.gov&subject=The%20State%20Department%20-%20Program%20; web site: http://www.state.gov/ NOTE: Valid government-issued media credentials or media photo ID and official photo ID are required.
WHEN: 9:00 a.m.WHAT: National Defense University's (NDU) Institute for National Strategic Studies’ (INSS) 2009 Energy Symposium on "Energy Security: A Global Challenge":- 9 a.m.: Keynote address- 10:30 a.m.: Panel Discussion on “Global Energy Security: Economy, Availability, Climate”: Jan Kalicki, Counselor for International Strategy at the Chevron Corporation; Richard Andres, Senior Fellow at INSS; Paul Werbos, Program Director at the National Science Foundation; and Robert Bryce, Managing Editor of the Energy Tribune and author of "Gusher of Lies: Dangerous Delusions of Energy Independence." - 1:45 p.m.: Panel Discussion on “The Defense Department, Leader or Laggard on the U.S. Energy Agenda?”: Michael Aimone, former Assistant Deputy Chief of Staff for Logistics, Installations and Mission Support for the Air Force, and currently Vice President of Strategy Development, National Security Global Business, Battelle; Geoffrey Prosch, former Principal Deputy and Acting Assistant Secretary of the Army for Installations and Environment, currently Director of Federal Government Relations at Johnson Controls, Inc.; Thomas Morehouse Jr., Research Associate at the Institute for Defense Analysis; and Paul Bollinger, Vice President of Strategic Energy Programs at Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC).- 3:45 p.m.: Discussion on "Emerging regional energy security issues": Maureen Crandall, Professor of Economics at NDU's Industrial College of the Armed Forces (Central Asia); and former Senegalese Chief of Defense Gen. Lamine Cisse.WHERE: NDU, Fort Lesley J. McNair, 260 Fifth Avenue SW, Washington, DC.CONTACT: 202-685-3857; web site: http://www.ndu.edu/


Tuesday, 29 September 2009

Make or break: Gordon Brown addresses the party faithful in BrightonRead more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1216918/Brown-pins-survival-death-bed-conversion-plight-squeezed-middle-classes.html?ITO=1490&referrer=yahoo#ixzz0SWXFONfn
Gordon Brown: No to ID cards in the next Parliament
Gordon Brown and his wife Sarah, who introduced his speech
Michael Settle

Published on 29 Sep 2009
Gordon Brown today ruled out introducing ID cards if Labour win the next election as he vowed to “fight, not walk away, not give up...but fight to win” the forthcoming poll.
The Prime Minister said the controversial cards would not be brought in during the next Parliament if the party won a fourth term in office as he delivered a rousing final speech to the party conference
Mr Brown, who was introduced by his wife Sarah for the second successive year, told delegates in Brighton: “We have changed the world before and we are going to change the world again.
He added: “We need to fight, not walk away, not give up...but fight to win.”
He also warned the government will use ‘tough love’ to tackle problems families who terrorise their neighbours as he delivers his final conference speech before the general election.
The Prime Minister had been introduced on stage by his public relations executive wife Sarah, who talked of the tough times that they had been through and conceded that Mr Brown was not a saint.
We have changed the world before and we are going to change the world again Gordon Brown
In his keynote speech to a Brighton conference under the banner “Operation Fightback”, the Prime Minister will announce £36 million of additional funding to roll out “tough love” Family Intervention Projects to all 50,000 of the country’s most difficult families over the coming five years.
Any parent of a child issued with an Asbo will automatically be subject to a parenting order requiring them to go through a project.
FIPs, which have been piloted in areas including Dundee, deliver what the Government terms “intensive, one-on-one, hard-edged support” for families where drugs, drink, bad parenting and persistent joblessness are a problem.
Parents could be required to attend literacy and parenting classes or even being moved into supported accommodation.
Mr Brown will also give the green light for courts to start handing down so-called drink Asbos to offenders who commit crimes while under the influence of alcohol.
The Drinking Banning Orders - which could see boozy criminals barred from off licences and pubs or referred for treatment - were unveiled last month but have not yet been put into force.
Courts throughout England and Wales will be required by April 2011 to consider them in all cases involving offenders over 16 where alcohol is a factor.
Mr Brown will tell delegates: “Whenever and wherever there is anti-social behaviour, we will be there to fight it. We will not stand by and see the lives of the lawful majority disrupted by the behaviour of the lawless minority.
“Because the decent, hard-working majority are getting ever more angry - rightly so - with the minority who will talk about their rights but never accept their responsibilities.”
The last four years have seen FIPs extended to cover up to 5,000 families a year. Mr Brown will say he wants to see a “step change” so that all of those needing it - estimated to be 50,000 families with 100,000 children across the country - will go through a project by the end of the next Parliament.
He will announce £26 million in additional cash for the scheme in 2010-11, with a further £10 million the following year, funded by scaling back other youth crime and parenting projects which have proved less effective.
While the average cost per family for FIP support is put at between £8,000 and £20,000 a year, Mr Brown will say the scheme could save Britain £3 billion over five years by cutting the estimated £250,000-£350,000 annual bill of police, court and council action to deal with each failing family.
Mr Brown will say: “Most mums and dads do a great job but there are those who let their kids run riot and I’m not prepared to accept it as simply part of life.
“There is an approach which has had a real impact on anti-social behaviour, is slashing welfare dependency and is cutting crime. Family intervention projects are a tough-love, no-nonsense approach with help for those who want to change and proper penalties for those who don’t.”
Mr Brown will cite the case of a young single mother in Dundee who had got involved in drugs and was in danger of having her children taken into care but was going to college and aiming to find a good job within months of taking part in a FIP.
“By cracking down on bad behaviour and preventing trouble escalating, family intervention partnerships could save Britain up to £3 billion in the long run,” the Prime Minister will say. “But more than the money we could save, I’m excited by the lives we could change.”
Home Secretary Alan Johnson will add: “Underpinning our record and illuminating our vision is the simple proposition that social justice means nothing without criminal justice; that safe streets are as fundamental to a good society as decent healthcare and high educational standards.”
Figures from pilots show that 82% of families referred to FIPs suffered with joblessness, 76% with educational or learning problems, 66% with physical and mental health problems and 65% from poor parenting.
Among the first 700 families to complete a FIP, the number involved in four or more types of anti-social behaviour fell from 46% to 5% over the course of the programme, those experiencing truancy, exclusion and bad behaviour at school from 56% to 25%, low educational attainment from 46% to 28% , parenting problems from 66% to 28% and domestic violence from 22% to 9%.
Labour officials also cited evidence of families making “real progress” in tackling drugs, alcohol and joblessness and taking control of their lives with cleaner houses, better routines and an improvement in all-round quality of life.
Responding to Mr Brown’s go-ahead for drink Asbos, shadow home secretary Chris Grayling said: “This is a reannouncement of an old policy that still has not been implemented years after it was brought to the fore.
“Time and again we have promises of action from this government, but it never seems

This my guest list on my show the Dialogue.Uts the Uganda Ruling NRM AND THE OPPOSITION.We were discussing the political implications of the the violence and riots that happened in Kampala recently










Kartoum sudan



This is Kartoum -Sudan







































Monday, September 28, 2009
WHEN: 10:00 a.m.
WHAT: The Heritage Foundation’s its Homeland Security University: The Big Picture on Homeland Security, focusing on a wide variety of homeland security topics, including: "natural disasters, terrorist and cyber attacks, the federal government's role, and issues related to critical infrastructure":- 10 a.m.: Keynote address by Frances Fragos Townsend, former Assistant to President George W. Bush for Homeland Security and Counterterrorism and former Chairwoman of the Homeland Security Council and Under Secretary for Policy at the Homeland Security Department, delivers the keynote address.- 11 a.m.: Discussion of “Homeland Security and the Federal Structure” with Jena McNeill, Policy Analyst for Homeland Security in The Heritage Foundation's Douglas and Sara Allison Center for Foreign Policy Studies; Dani Doane, Director of Government Relations at The Heritage Foundation; and James Jay Carafano, Deputy Director of the Kathryn and Shelby Cullom Davis Institute for International Studies and Director of the Douglas and Sara Allison Center for Foreign Policy Studies at the Heritage Foundation, discuss "Homeland Security and the Federal Structure"
WHERE: Heritage Foundation, 214 Massachusetts Avenue NE, Lehrman Auditorium, Washington, DC.
CONTACT:: 202-675-1752, http://uk.mc274.mail.yahoo.com/mc/compose?to=lectures.seminars@heritage.org;web, web site: http://www.heritage.org/ NOTE: All sessions will be webcast live at: http://www.heritage.org/hsu



SELFRIDGES-lONDON Displays



































Dear friends

The next Voices of African Women meeting is on Saturday 3 October from 1:30pm - 4:30pm at Tindlemanor, 52-54 Featherstone St, London EC1Y 8RT (Near Old Street Tube Station). We will be discussing Security Council Resolution 1325, and we also have several more embassy visits lined up, so we need volunteers. We will also hear about women's rights in Sudan.

We look forward to seeing you there,

Sasha Jesperson
Campaigns Coordinator






























Leaders' Statement: The Pittsburgh Summit
September 24 – 25, 2009PREAMBLE1. We meet in the midst of a critical transition from crisis to recovery to turn the page on an era of irresponsibility and to adopt a set of policies, regulations and reforms to meet the needs of the 21st century global economy.2. When we last gathered in April, we confronted the greatest challenge to the world economy in our generation. 3. Global output was contracting at pace not seen since the 1930s. Trade was plummeting. Jobs were disappearing rapidly. Our people worried that the world was on the edge of a depression. 4. At that time, our countries agreed to do everything necessary to ensure recovery, to repair our financial systems and to maintain the global flow of capital. 5. It worked. 6. Our forceful response helped stop the dangerous, sharp decline in global activity and stabilize financial markets. Industrial output is now rising in nearly all our economies. International trade is starting to recover. Our financial institutions are raising needed capital, financial markets are showing a willingness to invest and lend, and confidence has improved. 7. Today, we reviewed the progress we have made since the London Summit in April. Our national commitments to restore growth resulted in the largest and most coordinated fiscal and monetary stimulus ever undertaken. We acted together to increase dramatically the resources necessary to stop the crisis from spreading around the world. We took steps to fix the broken regulatory system and started to implement sweeping reforms to reduce the risk that financial excesses will again destabilize the global economy. 8. A sense of normalcy should not lead to complacency. 9. The process of recovery and repair remains incomplete. In many countries, unemployment remains unacceptably high. The conditions for a recovery of private demand are not yet fully in place. We cannot rest until the global economy is restored to full health, and hard-working families the world over can find decent jobs. 10. We pledge today to sustain our strong policy response until a durable recovery is secured. We will act to ensure that when growth returns, jobs do too. We will avoid any premature withdrawal of stimulus. At the same time, we will prepare our exit strategies and, when the time is right, withdraw our extraordinary policy support in a cooperative and coordinated way, maintaining our commitment to fiscal responsibility. 11. Even as the work of recovery continues, we pledge to adopt the policies needed to lay the foundation for strong, sustained and balanced growth in the 21st century. We recognize that we have to act forcefully to overcome the legacy of the recent, severe global economic crisis and to help people cope with the consequences of this crisis. We want growth without cycles of boom and bust and markets that foster responsibility not recklessness. 12. Today we agreed:13. To launch a framework that lays out the policies and the way we act together to generate strong, sustainable and balanced global growth. We need a durable recovery that creates the good jobs our people need.14. We need to shift from public to private sources of demand, establish a pattern of growth across countries that is more sustainable and balanced, and reduce development imbalances. We pledge to avoid destabilizing booms and busts in asset and credit prices and adopt macroeconomic policies, consistent with price stability, that promote adequate and balanced global demand. We will also make decisive progress on structural reforms that foster private demand and strengthen long-run growth potential. 15. Our Framework for Strong, Sustainable and Balanced Growth is a compact that commits us to work together to assess how our policies fit together, to evaluate whether they are collectively consistent with more sustainable and balanced growth, and to act as necessary to meet our common objectives.16. To make sure our regulatory system for banks and other financial firms reins in the excesses that led to the crisis. Where reckless behavior and a lack of responsibility led to crisis, we will not allow a return to banking as usual. 17. We committed to act together to raise capital standards, to implement strong international compensation standards aimed at ending practices that lead to excessive risk-taking, to improve the over-the-counter derivatives market and to create more powerful tools to hold large global firms to account for the risks they take. Standards for large global financial firms should be commensurate with the cost of their failure. For all these reforms, we have set for ourselves strict and precise timetables. 18. To reform the global architecture to meet the needs of the 21st century. After this crisis, critical players need to be at the table and fully vested in our institutions to allow us to cooperate to lay the foundation for strong, sustainable and balanced growth. 19. We designated the G-20 to be the premier forum for our international economic cooperation. We established the Financial Stability Board (FSB) to include major emerging economies and welcome its efforts to coordinate and monitor progress in strengthening financial regulation. 20. We are committed to a shift in International Monetary Fund (IMF) quota share to dynamic emerging markets and developing countries of at least 5% from over-represented countries to under-represented countries using the current quota formula as the basis to work from. Today we have delivered on our promise to contribute over $500 billion to a renewed and expanded IMF New Arrangements to Borrow (NAB). 21. We stressed the importance of adopting a dynamic formula at the World Bank which primarily reflects countries’ evolving economic weight and the World Bank’s development mission, and that generates an increase of at least 3% of voting power for developing and transition countries, to the benefit of under-represented countries. While recognizing that over-represented countries will make a contribution, it will be important to protect the voting power of the smallest poor countries. We called on the World Bank to play a leading role in responding to problems whose nature requires globally coordinated action, such as climate change and food security, and agreed that the World Bank and the regional development banks should have sufficient resources to address these challenges and fulfill their mandates.22. To take new steps to increase access to food, fuel and finance among the world’s poorest while clamping down on illicit outflows. Steps to reduce the development gap can be a potent driver of global growth. 23. Over four billion people remain undereducated, ill-equipped with capital and technology, and insufficiently integrated into the global economy. We need to work together to make the policy and institutional changes needed to accelerate the convergence of living standards and productivity in developing and emerging economies to the levels of the advanced economies. To start, we call on the World Bank to develop a new trust fund to support the new Food Security Initiative for low-income countries announced last summer. We will increase, on a voluntary basis, funding for programs to bring clean affordable energy to the poorest, such as the Scaling Up Renewable Energy Program. 24. To phase out and rationalize over the medium term inefficient fossil fuel subsidies while providing targeted support for the poorest. Inefficient fossil fuel subsidies encourage wasteful consumption, reduce our energy security, impede investment in clean energy sources and undermine efforts to deal with the threat of climate change. 25. We call on our Energy and Finance Ministers to report to us their implementation strategies and timeline for acting to meet this critical commitment at our next meeting. 26. We will promote energy market transparency and market stability as part of our broader effort to avoid excessive volatility. 27. To maintain our openness and move toward greener, more sustainable growth. 28. We will fight protectionism. We are committed to bringing the Doha Round to a successful conclusion in 2010. 29. We will spare no effort to reach agreement in Copenhagen through the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) negotiations. 30. We warmly welcome the report by the Chair of the London Summit commissioned at our last meeting and published today.31. Finally, we agreed to meet in Canada in June 2010 and in Korea in November 2010. We expect to meet annually thereafter and will meet in France in 2011. * * * 1. We assessed the progress we have made together in addressing the global crisis and agreed to maintain our steps to support economic activity until recovery is assured. We further committed to additional steps to ensure strong, sustainable, and balanced growth, to build a stronger international financial system, to reduce development imbalances, and to modernize our architecture for international economic cooperation.A Framework for Strong, Sustainable, and Balanced Growth2. The growth of the global economy and the success of our coordinated effort to respond to the recent crisis have increased the case for more sustained and systematic international cooperation. In the short-run, we must continue to implement our stimulus programs to support economic activity until recovery clearly has taken hold. We also need to develop a transparent and credible process for withdrawing our extraordinary fiscal, monetary and financial sector support, to be implemented when recovery becomes fully secured. We task our Finance Ministers, working with input from the IMF and FSB, at their November meeting to continue developing cooperative and coordinated exit strategies recognizing that the scale, timing, and sequencing of this process will vary across countries or regions and across the type of policy measures. Credible exit strategies should be designed and communicated clearly to anchor expectations and reinforce confidence. 3. The IMF estimates that world growth will resume this year and rise by nearly 3% by the end of 2010. Subsequently, our objective is to return the world to high, sustainable, and balanced growth, while maintaining our commitment to fiscal responsibility and sustainability, with reforms to increase our growth potential and capacity to generate jobs and policies designed to avoid both the re-creation of asset bubbles and the re-emergence of unsustainable global financial flows. We commit to put in place the necessary policy measures to achieve these outcomes.4. We will need to work together as we manage the transition to a more balanced pattern of global growth. The crisis and our initial policy responses have already produced significant shifts in the pattern and level of growth across countries. Many countries have already taken important steps to expand domestic demand, bolstering global activity and reducing imbalances. In some countries, the rise in private saving now underway will, in time, need to be augmented by a rise in public saving. Ensuring a strong recovery will necessitate adjustments across different parts of the global economy, while requiring macroeconomic policies that promote adequate and balanced global demand as well as decisive progress on structural reforms that foster private domestic demand, narrow the global development gap, and strengthen long-run growth potential. The IMF estimates that only with such adjustments and realignments, will global growth reach a strong, sustainable, and balanced pattern. While governments have started moving in the right direction, a shared understanding and deepened dialogue will help build a more stable, lasting, and sustainable pattern of growth. Raising living standards in the emerging markets and developing countries is also a critical element in achieving sustainable growth in the global economy.5. Today we are launching a Framework for Strong, Sustainable, and Balanced Growth. To put in place this framework, we commit to develop a process whereby we set out our objectives, put forward policies to achieve these objectives, and together assess our progress. We will ask the IMF to help us with its analysis of how our respective national or regional policy frameworks fit together. We will ask the World Bank to advise us on progress in promoting development and poverty reduction as part of the rebalancing of global growth. We will work together to ensure that our fiscal, monetary, trade, and structural policies are collectively consistent with more sustainable and balanced trajectories of growth. We will undertake macro prudential and regulatory policies to help prevent credit and asset price cycles from becoming forces of destabilization. As we commit to implement a new, sustainable growth model, we should encourage work on measurement methods so as to better take into account the social and environmental dimensions of economic development. 6. We call on our Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors to launch the new Framework by November by initiating a cooperative process of mutual assessment of our policy frameworks and the implications of those frameworks for the pattern and sustainability of global growth. We believe that regular consultations, strengthened cooperation on macroeconomic policies, the exchange of experiences on structural policies, and ongoing assessment will promote the adoption of sound policies and secure a healthy global economy. Our compact is that:
· G-20 members will agree on shared policy objectives. These objectives should be updated as conditions evolve.
· G-20 members will set out our medium-term policy frameworks and will work together to assess the collective implications of our national policy frameworks for the level and pattern of global growth and to identify potential risks to financial stability.
· G-20 Leaders will consider, based on the results of the mutual assessment, and agree any actions to meet our common objectives.
7. This process will only be successful if it is supported by candid, even-handed, and balanced analysis of our policies. We ask the IMF to assist our Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors in this process of mutual assessment by developing a forward-looking analysis of whether policies pursued by individual G-20 countries are collectively consistent with more sustainable and balanced trajectories for the global economy, and to report regularly to both the G-20 and the International Monetary and Financial Committee (IMFC), building on the IMF’s existing bilateral and multilateral surveillance analysis, on global economic developments, patterns of growth and suggested policy adjustments. Our Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors will elaborate this process at their November meeting and we will review the results of the first mutual assessment at our next summit. 8. These policies will help us to meet our responsibility to the community of nations to build a more resilient international financial system and to reduce development imbalances.9. Building on Chancellor Merkel’s proposed Charter, on which we will continue to work, we adopted today Core Values for Sustainable Economic Activity, which will include those of propriety, integrity, and transparency, and which will underpin the Framework.Strengthening the International Financial Regulatory System 10. Major failures of regulation and supervision, plus reckless and irresponsible risk taking by banks and other financial institutions, created dangerous financial fragilities that contributed significantly to the current crisis. A return to the excessive risk taking prevalent in some countries before the crisis is not an option. 11. Since the onset of the global crisis, we have developed and begun implementing sweeping reforms to tackle the root causes of the crisis and transform the system for global financial regulation. Substantial progress has been made in strengthening prudential oversight, improving risk management, strengthening transparency, promoting market integrity, establishing supervisory colleges, and reinforcing international cooperation. We have enhanced and expanded the scope of regulation and oversight, with tougher regulation of over-the-counter (OTC) derivatives, securitization markets, credit rating agencies, and hedge funds. We endorse the institutional strengthening of the FSB through its Charter, following its establishment in London, and welcome its reports to Leaders and Ministers. The FSB’s ongoing efforts to monitor progress will be essential to the full and consistent implementation of needed reforms. We call on the FSB to report on progress to the G-20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors in advance of the next Leaders summit. 12. Yet our work is not done. Far more needs to be done to protect consumers, depositors, and investors against abusive market practices, promote high quality standards, and help ensure the world does not face a crisis of the scope we have seen. We are committed to take action at the national and international level to raise standards together so that our national authorities implement global standards consistently in a way that ensures a level playing field and avoids fragmentation of markets, protectionism, and regulatory arbitrage. Our efforts to deal with impaired assets and to encourage the raising of additional capital must continue, where needed. We commit to conduct robust, transparent stress tests as needed. We call on banks to retain a greater proportion of current profits to build capital, where needed, to support lending. Securitization sponsors or originators should retain a part of the risk of the underlying assets, thus encouraging them to act prudently. It is important to ensure an adequate balance between macroprudential and microprudential regulation to control risks, and to develop the tools necessary to monitor and assess the buildup of macroprudential risks in the financial system. In addition, we have agreed to improve the regulation, functioning, and transparency of financial and commodity markets to address excessive commodity price volatility.13. As we encourage the resumption of lending to households and businesses, we must take care not to spur a return of the practices that led to the crisis. The steps we are taking here, when fully implemented, will result in a fundamentally stronger financial system than existed prior to the crisis. If we all act together, financial institutions will have stricter rules for risk-taking, governance that aligns compensation with long-term performance, and greater transparency in their operations. All firms whose failure could pose a risk to financial stability must be subject to consistent, consolidated supervision and regulation with high standards. Our reform is multi-faceted but at its core must be stronger capital standards, complemented by clear incentives to mitigate excessive risk-taking practices. Capital allows banks to withstand those losses that inevitably will come. It, together with more powerful tools for governments to wind down firms that fail, helps us hold firms accountable for the risks that they take. Building on their Declaration on Further Steps to Strengthen the International Financial System, we call on our Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors to reach agreement on an international framework of reform in the following critical areas:
· Building high quality capital and mitigating pro-cyclicality: We commit to developing by end-2010 internationally agreed rules to improve both the quantity and quality of bank capital and to discourage excessive leverage. These rules will be phased in as financial conditions improve and economic recovery is assured, with the aim of implementation by end-2012. The national implementation of higher level and better quality capital requirements, counter-cyclical capital buffers, higher capital requirements for risky products and off-balance sheet activities, as elements of the Basel II Capital Framework, together with strengthened liquidity risk requirements and forward-looking provisioning, will reduce incentives for banks to take excessive risks and create a financial system better prepared to withstand adverse shocks. We welcome the key measures recently agreed by the oversight body of the Basel Committee to strengthen the supervision and regulation of the banking sector. We support the introduction of a leverage ratio as a supplementary measure to the Basel II risk-based framework with a view to migrating to a Pillar 1 treatment based on appropriate review and calibration. To ensure comparability, the details of the leverage ratio will be harmonized internationally, fully adjusting for differences in accounting. All major G-20 financial centers commit to have adopted the Basel II Capital Framework by 2011.
· Reforming compensation practices to support financial stability: Excessive compensation in the financial sector has both reflected and encouraged excessive risk taking. Reforming compensation policies and practices is an essential part of our effort to increase financial stability. We fully endorse the implementation standards of the FSB aimed at aligning compensation with long-term value creation, not excessive risk-taking, including by (i) avoiding multi-year guaranteed bonuses; (ii) requiring a significant portion of variable compensation to be deferred, tied to performance and subject to appropriate clawback and to be vested in the form of stock or stock-like instruments, as long as these create incentives aligned with long-term value creation and the time horizon of risk; (iii) ensuring that compensation for senior executives and other employees having a material impact on the firm’s risk exposure align with performance and risk; (iv) making firms’ compensation policies and structures transparent through disclosure requirements; (v) limiting variable compensation as a percentage of total net revenues when it is inconsistent with the maintenance of a sound capital base; and (vi) ensuring that compensation committees overseeing compensation policies are able to act independently. Supervisors should have the responsibility to review firms’ compensation policies and structures with institutional and systemic risk in mind and, if necessary to offset additional risks, apply corrective measures, such as higher capital requirements, to those firms that fail to implement sound compensation policies and practices. Supervisors should have the ability to modify compensation structures in the case of firms that fail or require extraordinary public intervention. We call on firms to implement these sound compensation practices immediately. We task the FSB to monitor the implementation of FSB standards and propose additional measures as required by March 2010.
· Improving over-the-counter derivatives markets: All standardized OTC derivative contracts should be traded on exchanges or electronic trading platforms, where appropriate, and cleared through central counterparties by end-2012 at the latest. OTC derivative contracts should be reported to trade repositories. Non-centrally cleared contracts should be subject to higher capital requirements. We ask the FSB and its relevant members to assess regularly implementation and whether it is sufficient to improve transparency in the derivatives markets, mitigate systemic risk, and protect against market abuse.
· Addressing cross-border resolutions and systemically important financial institutions by end-2010: Systemically important financial firms should develop internationally-consistent firm-specific contingency and resolution plans. Our authorities should establish crisis management groups for the major cross-border firms and a legal framework for crisis intervention as well as improve information sharing in times of stress. We should develop resolution tools and frameworks for the effective resolution of financial groups to help mitigate the disruption of financial institution failures and reduce moral hazard in the future. Our prudential standards for systemically important institutions should be commensurate with the costs of their failure. The FSB should propose by the end of October 2010 possible measures including more intensive supervision and specific additional capital, liquidity, and other prudential requirements.
14. We call on our international accounting bodies to redouble their efforts to achieve a single set of high quality, global accounting standards within the context of their independent standard setting process, and complete their convergence project by June 2011. The International Accounting Standards Board’s (IASB) institutional framework should further enhance the involvement of various stakeholders. 15. Our commitment to fight non-cooperative jurisdictions (NCJs) has produced impressive results. We are committed to maintain the momentum in dealing with tax havens, money laundering, proceeds of corruption, terrorist financing, and prudential standards. We welcome the expansion of the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information, including the participation of developing countries, and welcome the agreement to deliver an effective program of peer review. The main focus of the Forum’s work will be to improve tax transparency and exchange of information so that countries can fully enforce their tax laws to protect their tax base. We stand ready to use countermeasures against tax havens from March 2010. We welcome the progress made by the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) in the fight against money laundering and terrorist financing and call upon the FATF to issue a public list of high risk jurisdictions by February 2010. We call on the FSB to report progress to address NCJs with regards to international cooperation and information exchange in November 2009 and to initiate a peer review process by February 2010.16. We task the IMF to prepare a report for our next meeting with regard to the range of options countries have adopted or are considering as to how the financial sector could make a fair and substantial contribution toward paying for any burdens associated with government interventions to repair the banking system.Modernizing our Global Institutions to Reflect Today’s Global Economy 17. Modernizing the international financial institutions and global development architecture is essential to our efforts to promote global financial stability, foster sustainable development, and lift the lives of the poorest. We warmly welcome Prime Minister Brown’s report on his review of the responsiveness and adaptability of the international financial institutions (IFIs) and ask our Finance Ministers to consider its conclusions. Reforming the Mandate, Mission and Governance of the IMF
18. Our commitment to increase the funds available to the IMF allowed it to stem the spread of the crisis to emerging markets and developing countries. This commitment and the innovative steps the IMF has taken to create the facilities needed for its resources to be used efficiently and flexibly have reduced global risks. Capital again is flowing to emerging economies.
19. We have delivered on our promise to treble the resources available to the IMF. We are contributing over $500 billion to a renewed and expanded IMF New Arrangements to Borrow (NAB). The IMF has made Special Drawing Rights (SDR) allocations of $283 billion in total, more than $100 billion of which will supplement emerging market and developing countries’ existing reserve assets. Resources from the agreed sale of IMF gold, consistent with the IMF’s new income model, and funds from internal and other sources will more than double the Fund’s medium-term concessional lending capacity.
20. Our collective response to the crisis has highlighted both the benefits of international cooperation and the need for a more legitimate and effective IMF. The Fund must play a critical role in promoting global financial stability and rebalancing growth. We welcome the reform of IMF’s lending facilities, including the creation of the innovative Flexible Credit Line. The IMF should continue to strengthen its capacity to help its members cope with financial volatility, reducing the economic disruption from sudden swings in capital flows and the perceived need for excessive reserve accumulation. As recovery takes hold, we will work together to strengthen the Fund’s ability to provide even-handed, candid and independent surveillance of the risks facing the global economy and the international financial system. We ask the IMF to support our effort under the Framework for Strong, Sustainable and Balanced Growth through its surveillance of our countries’ policy frameworks and their collective implications for financial stability and the level and pattern of global growth.
21. Modernizing the IMF’s governance is a core element of our effort to improve the IMF’s credibility, legitimacy, and effectiveness. We recognize that the IMF should remain a quota-based organization and that the distribution of quotas should reflect the relative weights of its members in the world economy, which have changed substantially in view of the strong growth in dynamic emerging market and developing countries. To this end, we are committed to a shift in quota share to dynamic emerging market and developing countries of at least five percent from over-represented to under-represented countries using the current IMF quota formula as the basis to work from. We are also committed to protecting the voting share of the poorest in the IMF. On this basis and as part of the IMF’s quota review, to be completed by January 2011, we urge an acceleration of work toward bringing the review to a successful conclusion. As part of that review, we agree that a number of other critical issues will need to be addressed, including: the size of any increase in IMF quotas, which will have a bearing on the ability to facilitate change in quota shares; the size and composition of the Executive Board; ways of enhancing the Board’s effectiveness; and the Fund Governors’ involvement in the strategic oversight of the IMF. Staff diversity should be enhanced. As part of a comprehensive reform package, we agree that the heads and senior leadership of all international institutions should be appointed through an open, transparent and merit-based process. We must urgently implement the package of IMF quota and voice reforms agreed in April 2008.
Reforming the Mission, Mandate and Governance of Our Development banks22. The Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs) responded to our April call to accelerate and expand lending to mitigate the impact of the crisis on the world’s poorest with streamlined facilities, new tools and facilities, and a rapid increase in their lending. They are on track to deliver the promised $100 billion in additional lending. We welcome and encourage the MDBs to continue making full use of their balance sheets. We also welcome additional measures such as the temporary use of callable capital contributions from a select group of donors as was done at the InterAmerican Development Bank (IaDB). Our Finance Ministers should consider how mechanisms such as temporary callable and contingent capital could be used in the future to increase MDB lending at times of crisis. We reaffirm our commitment to ensure that the Multilateral Development Banks and their concessional lending facilities, especially the International Development Agency (IDA) and the African Development Fund, are appropriately funded.
23. Even as we work to mitigate the impact of the crisis, we must strengthen and reform the global development architecture for responding to the world’s long-term challenges.
24. We agree that development and reducing global poverty are central to the development banks’ core mission. The World Bank and other multilateral development banks are also critical to our ability to act together to address challenges, such as climate change and food security, which are global in nature and require globally coordinated action. The World Bank, working with the regional development banks and other international organizations, should strengthen:
· its focus on food security through enhancements in agricultural productivity and access to technology, and improving access to food, in close cooperation with relevant specialized agencies;
· its focus on human development and security in the poorest and most challenging environments;
· support for private-sector led growth and infrastructure to enhance opportunities for the poorest, social and economic inclusion, and economic growth; and
· contributions to financing the transition to a green economy through investment in sustainable clean energy generation and use, energy efficiency and climate resilience; this includes responding to countries needs to integrate climate change concerns into their core development strategies, improved domestic policies, and to access new sources of climate finance.
25. To enhance their effectiveness, the World Bank and the regional development banks should strengthen their coordination, when appropriate, with other bilateral and multilateral institutions. They should also strengthen recipient country ownership of strategies and programs and allow adequate policy space. 26. We will help ensure the World Bank and the regional development banks have sufficient resources to fulfill these four challenges and their development mandate, including through a review of their general capital increase needs to be completed by the first half of 2010. Additional resources must be joined to key institutional reforms to ensure effectiveness: greater coordination and a clearer division of labor; an increased commitment to transparency, accountability, and good corporate governance; an increased capacity to innovate and achieve demonstrable results; and greater attention to the needs of the poorest populations.27. We commit to pursue governance and operational effectiveness reform in conjunction with voting reform to ensure that the World Bank is relevant, effective, and legitimate. We stress the importance of moving towards equitable voting power in the World Bank over time through the adoption of a dynamic formula which primarily reflects countries’ evolving economic weight and the World Bank’s development mission, and that generates in the next shareholding review a significant increase of at least 3% of voting power for developing and transition countries, in addition to the 1.46% increase under the first phase of this important adjustment, to the benefit of under-represented countries. While recognizing that over-represented countries will make a contribution, it will be important to protect the voting power of the smallest poor countries. We recommit to reaching agreement by the 2010 Spring Meetings.Energy Security and Climate Change28. Access to diverse, reliable, affordable and clean energy is critical for sustainable growth. Inefficient markets and excessive volatility negatively affect both producers and consumers. Noting the St. Petersburg Principles on Global Energy Security, which recognize the shared interest of energy producing, consuming and transiting countries in promoting global energy security, we individually and collectively commit to:
· Increase energy market transparency and market stability by publishing complete, accurate, and timely data on oil production, consumption, refining and stock levels, as appropriate, on a regular basis, ideally monthly, beginning by January 2010. We note the Joint Oil Data Initiative as managed by the International Energy Forum (IEF) and welcome their efforts to examine the expansion of their data collection to natural gas. We will improve our domestic capabilities to collect energy data and improve energy demand and supply forecasting and ask the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) to ramp up their efforts to assist interested countries in developing those capabilities. We will strengthen the producer-consumer dialogue to improve our understanding of market fundamentals, including supply and demand trends, and price volatility, and note the work of the IEF experts group.
· Improve regulatory oversight of energy markets by implementing the International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO) recommendations on commodity futures markets and calling on relevant regulators to collect data on large concentrations of trader positions on oil in our national commodities futures markets. We ask our relevant regulators to report back at our next meeting on progress towards implementation. We will direct relevant regulators to also collect related data on over-the-counter oil markets and to take steps to combat market manipulation leading to excessive price volatility. We call for further refinement and improvement of commodity market information, including through the publication of more detailed and disaggregated data, coordinated as far as possible internationally. We ask IOSCO to help national governments design and implement these policies, conduct further analysis including with regard with to excessive volatility, make specific recommendations, and to report regularly on our progress.
29. Enhancing our energy efficiency can play an important, positive role in promoting energy security and fighting climate change. Inefficient fossil fuel subsidies encourage wasteful consumption, distort markets, impede investment in clean energy sources and undermine efforts to deal with climate change. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and the IEA have found that eliminating fossil fuel subsidies by 2020 would reduce global greenhouse gas emissions in 2050 by ten percent. Many countries are reducing fossil fuel subsidies while preventing adverse impact on the poorest. Building on these efforts and recognizing the challenges of populations suffering from energy poverty, we commit to:
· Rationalize and phase out over the medium term inefficient fossil fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption. As we do that, we recognize the importance of providing those in need with essential energy services, including through the use of targeted cash transfers and other appropriate mechanisms. This reform will not apply to our support for clean energy, renewables, and technologies that dramatically reduce greenhouse gas emissions. We will have our Energy and Finance Ministers, based on their national circumstances, develop implementation strategies and timeframes, and report back to Leaders at the next Summit. We ask the international financial institutions to offer support to countries in this process. We call on all nations to adopt policies that will phase out such subsidies worldwide.
30. We request relevant institutions, such as the IEA, OPEC, OECD, and World Bank, provide an analysis of the scope of energy subsidies and suggestions for the implementation of this initiative and report back at the next summit. 31. Increasing clean and renewable energy supplies, improving energy efficiency, and promoting conservation are critical steps to protect our environment, promote sustainable growth and address the threat of climate change. Accelerated adoption of economically sound clean and renewable energy technology and energy efficiency measures diversifies our energy supplies and strengthens our energy security. We commit to:
· Stimulate investment in clean energy, renewables, and energy efficiency and provide financial and technical support for such projects in developing countries.
· Take steps to facilitate the diffusion or transfer of clean energy technology including by conducting joint research and building capacity. The reduction or elimination of barriers to trade and investment in this area are being discussed and should be pursued on a voluntary basis and in appropriate fora.
32. As leaders of the world’s major economies, we are working for a resilient, sustainable, and green recovery. We underscore anew our resolve to take strong action to address the threat of dangerous climate change. We reaffirm the objective, provisions, and principles of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), including common but differentiated responsibilities. We note the principles endorsed by Leaders at the Major Economies Forum in L’Aquila, Italy. We will intensify our efforts, in cooperation with other parties, to reach agreement in Copenhagen through the UNFCCC negotiation. An agreement must include mitigation, adaptation, technology, and financing.
33. We welcome the work of the Finance Ministers and direct them to report back at their next meeting with a range of possible options for climate change financing to be provided as a resource to be considered in the UNFCCC negotiations at Copenhagen. Strengthening Support for the Most Vulnerable34. Many emerging and developing economies have made great strides in raising living standards as their economies converge toward the productivity levels and living standards of advanced economies. This process was interrupted by the crisis and is still far from complete. The poorest countries have little economic cushion to protect vulnerable populations from calamity, particularly as the financial crisis followed close on the heels of a global spike in food prices. We note with concern the adverse impact of the global crisis on low income countries’ (LICs) capacity to protect critical core spending in areas such as health, education, safety nets, and infrastructure. The UN's new Global Impact Vulnerability Alert System will help our efforts to monitor the impact of the crisis on the most vulnerable. We share a collective responsibility to mitigate the social impact of the crisis and to assure that all parts of the globe participate in the recovery. 35. The MDBs play a key role in the fight against poverty. We recognize the need for accelerated and additional concessional financial support to LICs to cushion the impact of the crisis on the poorest, welcome the increase in MDB lending during the crisis and support the MDBs having the resources needed to avoid a disruption of concessional financing to the most vulnerable countries. The IMF also has increased its concessional lending to LICs during the crisis. Resources from the sale of IMF gold, consistent with the new income model, and funds from internal and other sources will double the Fund’s medium-term concessional lending capacity.
36. Several countries are considering creating, on a voluntary basis, mechanisms that could allow, consistent with their national circumstances, the mobilization of existing SDR resources to support the IMF’s lending to the poorest countries. Even as we work to mitigate the impact of the crisis, we must strengthen and reform the global development architecture for responding to the world’s long-term challenges. We ask our relevant ministers to explore the benefits of a new crisis support facility in IDA to protect LICs from future crises and the enhanced use of financial instruments in protecting the investment plans of middle income countries from interruption in times of crisis, including greater use of guarantees.
37. We reaffirm our historic commitment to meet the Millennium Development Goals and our respective Official Development Assistance (ODA) pledges, including commitments on Aid for Trade, debt relief, and those made at Gleneagles, especially to sub-Saharan Africa, to 2010 and beyond.
38. Even before the crisis, too many still suffered from hunger and poverty and even more people lack access to energy and finance. Recognizing that the crisis has exacerbated this situation, we pledge cooperation to improve access to food, fuel, and finance for the poor. 39. Sustained funding and targeted investments are urgently needed to improve long-term food security. We welcome and support the food security initiative announced in L’Aquila and efforts to further implement the Global Partnership for Agriculture and Food Security and to address excessive price volatility. We call on the World Bank to work with interested donors and organizations to develop a multilateral trust fund to scale-up agricultural assistance to low-income countries. This will help support innovative bilateral and multilateral efforts to improve global nutrition and build sustainable agricultural systems, including programs like those developed through the Comprehensive African Agricultural Development Program (CAADP). It should be designed to ensure country ownership and rapid disbursement of funds, fully respecting the aid effectiveness principles agreed in Accra, and facilitate the participation of private foundations, businesses, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in this historic effort. These efforts should complement the UN Comprehensive Framework for Agriculture. We ask the World Bank, the African Development Bank, UN, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), World Food Programme (WFP) and other stakeholders to coordinate their efforts, including through country-led mechanisms, in order to complement and reinforce other existing multilateral and bilateral efforts to tackle food insecurity. 40. To increase access to energy, we will promote the deployment of clean, affordable energy resources to the developing world. We commit, on a voluntary basis, to funding programs that achieve this objective, such as the Scaling Up Renewable Energy Program and the Energy for the Poor Initiative, and to increasing and more closely harmonizing our bilateral efforts.41. We commit to improving access to financial services for the poor. We have agreed to support the safe and sound spread of new modes of financial service delivery capable of reaching the poor and, building on the example of micro finance, will scale up the successful models of small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) financing. Working with the Consultative Group to Assist the Poor (CGAP), the International Finance Corporation (IFC) and other international organizations, we will launch a G-20 Financial Inclusion Experts Group. This group will identify lessons learned on innovative approaches to providing financial services to these groups, promote successful regulatory and policy approaches and elaborate standards on financial access, financial literacy, and consumer protection. We commit to launch a G-20 SME Finance Challenge, a call to the private sector to put forward its best proposals for how public finance can maximize the deployment of private finance on a sustainable and scalable basis. 42. As we increase the flow of capital to developing countries, we also need to prevent its illicit outflow. We will work with the World Bank’s Stolen Assets Recovery (StAR) program to secure the return of stolen assets to developing countries, and support other efforts to stem illicit outflows. We ask the FATF to help detect and deter the proceeds of corruption by prioritizing work to strengthen standards on customer due diligence, beneficial ownership and transparency. We note the principles of the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness and the Accra Agenda for Action and will work to increase the transparency of international aid flows by 2010. We call for the adoption and enforcement of laws against transnational bribery, such as the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention, and the ratification by the G-20 of the UN Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) and the adoption during the third Conference of the Parties in Doha of an effective, transparent, and inclusive mechanism for the review of its implementation. We support voluntary participation in the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative, which calls for regular public disclosure of payments by extractive industries to governments and reconciliation against recorded receipt of those funds by governments. Putting Quality Jobs at the Heart of the Recovery43. The prompt, vigorous and sustained response of our countries has saved or created millions of jobs. Based on International Labour Organization (ILO) estimates, our efforts will have created or saved at least 7 – 11 million jobs by the end of this year. Without sustained action, unemployment is likely to continue rising in many of our countries even after economies stabilize, with a disproportionate impact on the most vulnerable segments of our population. As growth returns, every country must act to ensure that employment recovers quickly. We commit to implementing recovery plans that support decent work, help preserve employment, and prioritize job growth. In addition, we will continue to provide income, social protection, and training support for the unemployed and those most at risk of unemployment. We agree that the current challenges do not provide an excuse to disregard or weaken internationally recognized labor standards. To assure that global growth is broadly beneficial, we should implement policies consistent with ILO fundamental principles and rights at work.
44. Our new Framework for Strong, Sustainable, and Balanced Growth requires structural reforms to create more inclusive labor markets, active labor market policies, and quality education and training programs. Each of our countries will need, through its own national policies, to strengthen the ability of our workers to adapt to changing market demands and to benefit from innovation and investments in new technologies, clean energy, environment, health, and infrastructure. It is no longer sufficient to train workers to meet their specific current needs; we should ensure access to training programs that support lifelong skills development and focus on future market needs. Developed countries should support developing countries to build and strengthen their capacities in this area. These steps will help to assure that the gains from new inventions and lifting existing impediments to growth are broadly shared. 45. We pledge to support robust training efforts in our growth strategies and investments. We recognize successful employment and training programs are often designed together with employers and workers, and we call on the ILO, in partnership with other organizations, to convene its constituents and NGOs to develop a training strategy for our consideration.46. We agree on the importance of building an employment-oriented framework for future economic growth. In this context, we reaffirm the importance of the London Jobs Conference and Rome Social Summit. We also welcome the recently-adopted ILO Resolution on Recovering from the Crisis: A Global Jobs Pact, and we commit our nations to adopt key elements of its general framework to advance the social dimension of globalization. The international institutions should consider ILO standards and the goals of the Jobs Pact in their crisis and post-crisis analysis and policy-making activities. 47. To ensure our continued focus on employment policies, the Chair of the Pittsburgh Summit has asked his Secretary of Labor to invite our Employment and Labor Ministers to meet as a group in early 2010 consulting with labor and business and building on the upcoming OECD Labour and Employment Ministerial meeting on the jobs crisis. We direct our Ministers to assess the evolving employment situation, review reports from the ILO and other organizations on the impact of policies we have adopted, report on whether further measures are desirable, and consider medium-term employment and skills development policies, social protection programs, and best practices to ensure workers are prepared to take advantage of advances in science and technology. An Open Global Economy48. Continuing the revival in world trade and investment is essential to restoring global growth. It is imperative we stand together to fight against protectionism. We welcome the swift implementation of the $250 billion trade finance initiative. We will keep markets open and free and reaffirm the commitments made in Washington and London: to refrain from raising barriers or imposing new barriers to investment or to trade in goods and services, imposing new export restrictions or implementing World Trade Organization (WTO) inconsistent measures to stimulate exports and commit to rectify such measures as they arise. We will minimize any negative impact on trade and investment of our domestic policy actions, including fiscal policy and action to support the financial sector. We will not retreat into financial protectionism, particularly measures that constrain worldwide capital flows, especially to developing countries. We will notify promptly the WTO of any relevant trade measures. We welcome the latest joint report from the WTO, OECD, IMF, and United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and ask them to continue to monitor the situation within their respective mandates, reporting publicly on these commitments on a quarterly basis.49. We remain committed to further trade liberalization. We are determined to seek an ambitious and balanced conclusion to the Doha Development Round in 2010, consistent with its mandate, based on the progress already made, including with regard to modalities. We understand the need for countries to directly engage with each other, within the WTO bearing in mind the centrality of the multilateral process, in order to evaluate and close the remaining gaps. We note that in order to conclude the negotiations in 2010, closing those gaps should proceed as quickly as possible. We ask our ministers to take stock of the situation no later than early 2010, taking into account the results of the work program agreed to in Geneva following the Delhi Ministerial, and seek progress on Agriculture, Non-Agricultural Market Access, as well as Services, Rules, Trade Facilitation and all other remaining issues. We will remain engaged and review the progress of the negotiations at our next meeting.The Path from Pittsburgh50. Today, we designated the G-20 as the premier forum for our international economic cooperation. We have asked our representatives to report back at the next meeting with recommendations on how to maximize the effectiveness of our cooperation. We agreed to have a G-20 Summit in Canada in June 2010, and in Korea in November 2010. We expect to meet annually thereafter, and will meet in France in 2011.ANNEX: Core Values for Sustainable Economic Activity1. The economic crisis demonstrates the importance of ushering in a new era of sustainable global economic activity grounded in responsibility. The current crisis has once again confirmed the fundamental recognition that our growth and prosperity are interconnected, and that no region of the globe can wall itself off in a globalized world economy. 2. We, the Leaders of the countries gathered for the Pittsburgh Summit, recognize that concerted action is needed to help our economies get back to stable ground and prosper tomorrow. We commit to taking responsible actions to ensure that every stakeholder – consumers, workers, investors, entrepreneurs – can participate in a balanced, equitable, and inclusive global economy. 3. We share the overarching goal to promote a broader prosperity for our people through balanced growth within and across nations; through coherent economic, social, and environmental strategies; and through robust financial systems and effective international collaboration. 4. We recognize that there are different approaches to economic development and prosperity, and that strategies to achieve these goals may vary according to countries’ circumstances. 5. We also agree that certain key principles are fundamental, and in this spirit we commit to respect the following core values:
· We have a responsibility to ensure sound macroeconomic policies that serve long-term economic objectives and help avoid unsustainable global imbalances.
· We have a responsibility to reject protectionism in all its forms, support open markets, foster fair and transparent competition, and promote entrepreneurship and innovation across countries.
· We have a responsibility to ensure, through appropriate rules and incentives, that financial and other markets function based on propriety, integrity and transparency and to encourage businesses to support the efficient allocation of resources for sustainable economic performance.
· We have a responsibility to provide for financial markets that serve the needs of households, businesses and productive investment by strengthening oversight, transparency, and accountability.
· We have a responsibility to secure our future through sustainable consumption, production and use of resources that conserve our environment and address the challenge of climate change.
· We have a responsibility to invest in people by providing education, job training, decent work conditions, health care and social safety net support, and to fight poverty, discrimination, and all forms of social exclusion.
· We have a responsibility to recognize that all economies, rich and poor, are partners in building a sustainable and balanced global economy in which the benefits of economic growth are broadly and equitably shared. We also have a responsibility to achieve the internationally agreed development goals.
· We have a responsibility to ensure an international economic and financial architecture that reflects changes in the world economy and the new challenges of globalization.
G-20 Framework for Strong, Sustainable, and Balanced Growth1. Our countries have a shared responsibility to adopt policies to achieve strong, sustainable and balanced growth, to promote a resilient international financial system, and to reap the benefits of an open global economy. To this end, we recognize that our strategies will vary across countries. In our Framework for Strong, Sustainable and Balanced Growth, we will:
· implement responsible fiscal policies, attentive to short-term flexibility considerations and longer-run sustainability requirements.
· strengthen financial supervision to prevent the re-emergence in the financial system of excess credit growth and excess leverage and undertake macro prudential and regulatory policies to help prevent credit and asset price cycles from becoming forces of destabilization.
· promote more balanced current accounts and support open trade and investment to advance global prosperity and growth sustainability, while actively rejecting protectionist measures.
· undertake monetary policies consistent with price stability in the context of market oriented exchange rates that reflect underlying economic fundamentals.
· undertake structural reforms to increase our potential growth rates and, where needed, improve social safety nets.
· promote balanced and sustainable economic development in order to narrow development imbalances and reduce poverty.
2. We recognize that the process to ensure more balanced global growth must be undertaken in an orderly manner. All G-20 members agree to address the respective weaknesses of their economies.
· G-20 members with sustained, significant external deficits pledge to undertake policies to support private savings and undertake fiscal consolidation while maintaining open markets and strengthening export sectors.
· G-20 members with sustained, significant external surpluses pledge to strengthen domestic sources of growth. According to national circumstances this could include increasing investment, reducing financial markets distortions, boosting productivity in service sectors, improving social safety nets, and lifting constraints on demand growth.
3. Each G-20 member bears primary responsibility for the sound management of its economy. The G-20 members also have a responsibility to the community of nations to assure the overall health of the global economy. Regular consultations, strengthened cooperation on macroeconomic policies, the exchange of experiences on structural policies, and ongoing assessment can strengthen our cooperation and promote the adoption of sound policies. As part of our process of mutual assessment:
· G-20 members will agree on shared policy objectives. These objectives should be updated as conditions evolve.
· G-20 members will set out their medium-term policy frameworks and will work together to assess the collective implications of our national policy frameworks for the level and pattern of global growth, and to identify potential risks to financial stability.
· G-20 leaders will consider, based on the results of the mutual assessment, and agree any actions to meet our common objectives.
4. We call on our Finance Ministers to develop our process of mutual assessment to evaluate the collective implications of national policies for the world economy. To accomplish this, our Finance Ministers should, with the assistance of the IMF:
· Develop a forward looking assessment of G-20 economic developments to help analyze whether patterns of demand and supply, credit, debt and reserves growth are supportive of strong, sustainable and balanced growth.
· Assess the implications and consistency of fiscal and monetary policies, credit growth and asset markets, foreign exchange developments, commodity and energy prices, and current account imbalances.
· Report regularly to both the G-20 and the IMFC on global economic developments, key risks, and concerns with respect to patterns of growth and suggested G-20 policy adjustments, individually and collectively.























Sunday, 27 September 2009

Oxford Circus Pedestrian Improvements

Westminster City Council, together with its partners (Transport for London, the New West End Company), and key stakeholder - The Crown Estate, are embarking on a series of pedestrian improvements to Oxford Circus to enhance the public realm and ease the problem of overcrowding


The improvements include:
The provision of diagonal pedestrian crossings;
Extending pavement widths to reduce congestion and give pedestrians more space to move;
Removal of street clutter;
The removal of the underground public toilets and the possible provision of accessible replacement facilities nearby;
Resurfacing footways with high quality granite and York-stone paving.


Works to implement the scheme are scheduled to take place from April through to November 2009 and are expected to cause some localised disruption.
These improvements will be implemented in a series of phases, and will involve work on Oxford Circus, Princes Street, Little Argyll Street, John Princes Street, and Great Castle Street



Please see a map and a video animation illustrating the phasing of the works.

The City Council is working closely with its partners, including Transport for London, to ensure that there is as little disruption as possible. Oxford Circus will remain open to traffic throughout the works, and the Underground Station will also continue to operate.


The site office and works compound will be located in Princes Street for the duration of the project. Once works are completed, this area will become a new pedestrian space and vehicular access between Regent Street and Princes Street will not be restored.



For further information please contact the West End Team at orbactionplan@westminster.gov.uk.
PHOTOS: Ayoub mzee
Statement of José Manuel Barroso, President of the European Commission on the results of the G20 meeting in Pittsburgh
I came to Pittsburgh to secure a real commitment from the G20 to a sustainable, ethical and balanced global economy. These values must guide our future decisions as the G20 becomes the central global economic policy forum. Having seen the central role played by the EU in the creation of the G20 at leaders’ level a year ago, I am particularly happy with the decisions taken today and the new permanent role of the G20.
The G20 has shown its worth by helping to avoid an economic meltdown. But we are not yet out of the crisis, with far too many people still losing their jobs. This is no time for complacency or a return to business as usual. It is time for delivery and a new global order reflecting the reality of economic interdependence.
I believe we have established the foundations for global rules which will allow the world to prosper through open markets and resist the temptation of protectionism. We have the right basis also to support the developing world and in particular to achieve the Millennium Development Goals.
We have agreed to tighter coordination of our main economic policies. The G20 is the right place to drive the global recovery forward and deliver a coherent exit strategy. We need modern international financial institutions that can deliver and push through the implementation of our commitments.
We have agreed to rein in exorbitant bonuses and hold international finance to account. Financial markets must concentrate on ethical long-term investment not reckless short-term gambling. Europe is leading the way and is offering a model of financial supervision and smart regulation which can inspire others.
But we will only achieve a full and sustainable recovery if we also tackle climate change and kick-start trade. This is a test of credibility for the G20 – failure is not an option. I do not hide my concern at the slow rate of progress. Negotiations cannot be an open ended process. It’s time to get serious now, not later. The next G20 must be able to look back at a successful Copenhagen Conference and look forward to the positive impact of a trade and development deal.


President Kikwete speaks on Millenium
Challenge Corporation in
New York ..

President Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete(Second left) Burkina Faso president Blaise Compaore(third Left), The Prime Minister of Albania Sali Berisha(Left) and the Inter Action President and CEO Samuel Worthington(fourth left) clap at the end of a panel discussion on the Importance of Country led development organised by the Millenium Challenge Corporation in collaboration with Inter Action at the UN Millenium Plaza in New York, this morning. President Kikwete is in New York for the UN General Assembly.Photo by Freddy Maro/State House










Stephano Juma akiw amebebwa na baba yake hospitali ya Taifa ya Muhimbili
Mwanzoni mwa Matibabu yake









stephano Juma kabla ya kutibiwa










Baba Mzazi wa Stephano akiwa na Mwanae baada ya Kupona na Marissawa Lagmann of SickKids Toronto












Mtoto Stephano Sasa
Mambo yake Safi..
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Dear Friends!The Tanzania Community in Toronto is holding a farewell party for Stephano on September 26; before his return to Tanzania On October 18,2009.He looks great after more than six years of trying to get help without success! Seeabove.
I read about Stephano in the Guardian and met him last May and was moved to act.Thanks to the many in Dar es Salaam and Toronto who helped...to mention a few.Marissa Lagmann of SickKids Toronto;Mwesiga Baruti,and Thomas Kimata of Dar es Salaam;Canadian High Commission in Nairobi;Catherine Kasoyaga, Shamila Mohamedi,Levina Kahumba,Salma Mwahu and many more from Toronto!Many pictures will be made availabe on "FACEBOOK."If you want to be part of our NGO in Dar es Salaam,or if you know of any child sixteen years old or younger who needs an operation,and can't afford it please let us know!We can help free of charge!Many thanks to you all!Mabula Sabula
























































Saturday, 26 September 2009

By JOHN HEILPRIN
Associated Press Writer
UNITED NATIONS -- Inside the General Assembly's cavernous chamber, as leaders began filling nearly every seat and aisles were standing-room only, the light-colored robes of some African and Mideast leaders dotted a sea of dark business suits. Polite applause followed the opening remarks of U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and General Assembly President Ali Treki.
Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi, in his first U.N. appearance, arrived just in time for Wednesday's leadoff speech by Brazil's President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva. Gadhafi sat in a seventh-row aisle seat, off the left side.
Dressed in flowing brown and tan Bedouin robes, and a black beret that he self-consciously patted at times, he listened through a translation earpiece in his right ear and fiddled with the cord in his left hand. Occasionally he looked around the room.
Aides huddled around him; he kept his glasses, a red handkerchief and a rumpled yellow folder in front of him on the desk. Then he removed his earpiece to jot a note to himself and put it into the yellow folder. He joined the applause at one point. Then he flipped through the handwritten pages of flowing rows of bold Arabic characters inside the folders.
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A commotion swept the room as President Barack Obama appeared. Everyone tried to see him. Gadhafi joined in the light applause that greeted Obama, then listened raptly with the earpiece held to his left ear.
From his fifth-row aisle seat near the chamber's center, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad also listened to Obama, but without an earpiece. The Iranian leader seemed relaxed. He was tieless. Ahmadinejad kept regularly checking the watch on his left wrist while peering at Obama. Next to him, Foreign Minister Manouchehr Mottaki and Iran's U.N. Ambassador Mohammad Khazee each listened with earpieces.
As Obama gestured and read from the TelePrompTer, speaking of the dangers of nuclear proliferation, the Iranians listened intently. Ahmadinejad leaned to his right and said something to Mottaki.
Ahmadinejad and Gadhafi both refrained from joining applause for Obama's comments on Sudan, the Middle East and other U.S. pledges for peace and world security. But Gadhafi joined in clapping when Obama ended his speech. Ahmadinejad didn't. Obama didn't get a standing ovation, but he got warm applause. Many of the delegates in the room abruptly left moments after Obama spoke.
That included the entire U.S. delegation of prominent figures including White House Chief of Staff Rahm Emanuel, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, U.N. Ambassador Susan Rice, National Security Adviser Gen. Jim Jones, Obama adviser Samantha Power and Assistant Secretary for International Organization Affairs Esther Brimmer. Lower-level U.S. delegation staff remained.
It wasn't clear if this was a protest or if they were merely following Obama from the room.
After Gadhafi was introduced as the "king of kings" by his fellow Libyan, Treki, he remained in his seat for at least five minutes. Gadhafi was supposed to be in a holding area off the stage. He took no notice of protocol.
Gadhafi was surrounded by aides and confusion seemed to take over. Half the seats emptied as delegates wandered the aisles without any direction from Treki or Ban.
Gadhafi kept shaking hands as delegates left. Treki finally tried to gavel the place to order. Gadhafi paid no attention, putting the red handkerchief to his mouth. He leaned back in his chair, seeming to have not a care in the world, and received advice from aides. He smiled broadly, enjoying the moment - the world waiting to hear from him.

Finally, Gadhafi rose, swept his robes over him and strode to the stage. He needed the handrail on his way up. He laid the shabby yellow folder on the podium, and pulled out some of the handwritten pages. There was scattered applause.
By then the chamber was half-empty. Gadhafi, in his first speech to the U.N., held up a copy of the U.N. Charter. He wore big, shiny rings on each hand. For a moment, it seemed as if he were lost in thought. He stopped and sorted through the pages of his yellow folder.
It seemed he was winging the speech. Evidently, he had jotted a set of ideas in bold letters which he had before him on the handwritten pages. But there was no prepared text. He was not reading from the TelePrompTer.
As he gestured, a black pin in the shape of Africa, with a white outline, reflected light from his right chest where it was attached to his robe. He began railing against the U.N. power structure, which is tilted toward the five permanent members of the Security Council. He called the General Assembly "the parliament of the world" - a body that should be dictating decisions to the Security Council.
"How can we be happy about the world security if the world is controlled by four or five powers?" he complained. "We are just like a decor." After several minutes of rambling remarks, that last comment won him scattered applause.
At one point he called the General Assembly "the master of the world ... this is democracy and then we put an end to the Security Council ... this is terrorism in itself."
He slightly ripped the U.N. Charter book when he was done with it.
Delegates began walking out at that point. People's faces registered amazement and disbelief. Others laughed or smiled, perhaps in embarrassment or not knowing how to respond. Many spoke among themselves. By now at least half the assembly - that he called the supreme leader of the world - was deserting Gadhafi.
And he was simply emptying his mind, without the least self-consciousness, before a gathering of world leaders.
In place of the sea of business suits were dozens of empty blue and beige seats. People kept wandering out as Gadhafi spoke of "feudalism."
"It should not be called the Security Council, it should be called the Terror Council," he said.
At that, another wave of delegates dashed out. Gadhafi failed to note that his nation now held a Security Council seat. "Terror and sanctions - it is used against us only," he said.
And with Treki chairing the assembly, there was no stopping Gadhafi, also the head of the African Union, as he railed against what the U.N. has or hasn't done about 65 wars he said have erupted around the world since the organization was founded in 1945.
Gadhafi then demanded a permanent AU seat on the Security Council. Even Ahmadinejad had left by now.
---
Safe to say that toward the end of his speech, more than half the seats were empty.
"Obama is a glimpse in the dark for the next four or eight years, and I'm afraid we may go back to square one" after he steps down," Gadhafi said. When he suggested Obama stay on as leader indefinitely, there was scattered applause.
He kept holding up the handwritten pages in front of him, at one point reading from it in his diatribe against the U.N. power structure. He also railed against former President George W. Bush's policy of trying to build democracy in Iraq.
Then Gadhafi got more personal. "It is clear that all of you are lacking the energy because of traveling a long way," he said, adding he had woken up at 4 a.m. in New York. It was tantalizingly unclear where he was going with this.


We should thank America, and we thank America. ... We want to make America secure," he said, talking about whether the U.N. is a terrorist target, and invoking worries of another 9/11. "We want to relieve America from this worry."
But now it seemed Gadhafi was perhaps suggesting that the U.N. and the General Assembly should be relocated to Tripoli, the Libyan capital where he has tried to locate AU headquarters.
"We don't have to come to New York and be subjected to all these measures," he said, referring to the heavy security around the U.N. and issues getting U.S. visas.
He seemed to be referring, but did not directly mention, his struggle to pitch a Bedouin tent, as is his practice when he travels, in the New York area. There also was no mention of his ill will toward Switzerland because of his son's arrest there.
"You will thank me for not having to travel for 20 hours to this place," he added. "America will thank you for alleviating the hardship of America. ... This place is targeted by terrorists."
His litany of injustices then extended to "3 million victims of the Vietnam War" and the U.S. actions in Panama, Grenada and Somalia, among other places and conflicts.
"How this can be done with impunity?" he asked. "Can we trust the Security Council?"
Gadhafi then demanded more investigation into the deaths of Dag Hammarskjold, John F. Kennedy, Martin Luther King and others that he saw as unsolved murders and conspiracies.
"These are crimes. We cannot keep quiet. We cannot keep silent," he intoned, shaking and peering down at the handwritten pages. He also attempted a defense of Somali pirates as ex-fishermen protecting their wealth, and said he had spoken to the pirates.
Gadhafi also made a pitch for his own Web site, with speeches on it for people to read. Someone handed him a piece of paper, perhaps to get him to stop speaking. He crumpled it up.
He had worn out even the translators - a woman's voice replaced the man who had been speaking. He paid no attention to the red light to the right of the lectern, which had long ago told him the speech should be at an end.
Gadhafi seemed to be making up for all his 40 years of missed appearances at the United Nations.
And when he finally ended, after 1 hour and 36 minutes of stream-of-consciousness on the world's stage, delegates lightly applauded, and no one stood. But Gadhafi clasped his hands above him and waved in triumph as he left.
President Kikwete in High-Level Meeting
on Better Health Services for Women

and Children ...Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon(centre)attends a high-level meeting on the theme,Investing in Our Common Future:Healthy Women,Healthy Children,chaired by Gordon Brown(second from right),Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland,and Robert Zoellick (second from left),President of the World Bank.The event was hosted by the Taskforce on Innovative International Financing for Health Systems,also co-chaired by the Prime Minister and Bank President.Also at the meeting was Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete (left),President of the United Republic of Tanzania.Photo Mark Garten



If fate had taken a different turn, Heather Frederiksen might well have won an Olympic gold medal for Britain in Beijing along with her friend, Rebecca Adlington, and had dreams about her own pair of Jimmy Choos.

Moving moment:
Heather Frederiksen's gold is an extraordinary achievement - Moving moment: Heather Frederiksen's gold is an extraordinary achievement
Instead, Frederiksen’s gold medal came at the Paralympics, and it was not expensive footwear that was on her mind – it was the memory of the hospital consultant who told her that she would never be able to swim again. “I’ve proved some people wrong,” she said.


Prior to her accident, Heather had won both the British 10km Open Water Championship and 4.5 km British Grand Prix on the same day. One year on from the accident Heather teamed up again with coach John Stout of the City of Salford Club, and now competes in the S8 (backstroke and freestyle), SB7 (breaststroke) and SM8 (medley) classifications. Her first senior swim meet came at the 2007 German Open, in Berlin.



PHOTOS:Ayoub mzee
Seen here present at the London Olyimpcs open day


The olyipic park model on display


One miute ist been raining in London then shine shine.Such a weather




Ayoub mzee with one of the Britain olympic champions